Environment

Environment

FSI scholars approach their research on the environment from regulatory, economic and societal angles. The Center on Food Security and the Environment weighs the connection between climate change and agriculture; the impact of biofuel expansion on land and food supply; how to increase crop yields without expanding agricultural lands; and the trends in aquaculture. FSE’s research spans the globe – from the potential of smallholder irrigation to reduce hunger and improve development in sub-Saharan Africa to the devastation of drought on Iowa farms. David Lobell, a senior fellow at FSI and a recipient of a MacArthur “genius” grant, has looked at the impacts of increasing wheat and corn crops in Africa, South Asia, Mexico and the United States; and has studied the effects of extreme heat on the world’s staple crops.

Recent Publications

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WHAT TECH CALLS THINKING An Inquiry Into the Intellectual Bedrock of Silicon Valley

October 2020

Adrian Daub’s What Tech Calls Thinking is a lively dismantling of the ideas that form the intellectual bedrock of Silicon Valley.

Spatial Models, Legislative Gridlock, and Resource Policy Reform

August 2020

This review evaluates the use of spatial models for the analysis of policymaking. First, we examine spatial theory and its applications in a variety ofinstitutional settings.

Leveraging the Power of Place: A Data-Driven Decision Helper to Improve the Location Decisions of Economic Immigrants

August 2020

A growing number of countries have established programs to attract immigrants who can contribute to their economy.

Equity Duration and Predictability

August 2020

One of the most puzzling findings in asset pricing is that expected returns dominate variation in the dividend-to-price ratio, leaving little room for dividend growth rates.

MPCs, MPEs and Multipliers: A Trilemma for New Keynesian Models

July 2020

We establish an impossibility result for New Keynesian models with a frictionless labor market: these models cannot simultaneously match plausible estimates of marginal propensities to consume ...

Multilateral Trade Bargaining: A First Look at the GATT Bargaining Records

July 2020

This paper empirically examines recently declassified tariff bargaining data from the GATT/WTO.

Mortgage Amortization and Wealth Accumulation

July 2020

Standard mortgage contracts include periodic debt repayment plans (amortization schedules) designed to build-up illiquid savings in the form of home equity, which can be substantial even from a...

Medieval Manuscripts in the Digital Age

July 2020

Medieval Manuscripts in the Digital Age explores one major manuscript repository’s digital presence and poses timely questions about studying books from a temporal and spatial distance via the...

Colonialism, slavery and ‘The Great Experiment’: Carbon, nitrogen and oxygen isotope analysis of Le Morne and Bois Marchand cemeteries, Mauritius

June 2020

Slavery, colonialism and emancipation are important aspects of archaeological research in the Atlantic region, but the lifeways of colonial populations remain understudied in the Indian Ocean World...

Automated Linking of Historical Data

June 2020

The recent digitization of complete count census data is an extraordinary opportunity for social scientists to create large longitudinal datasets by linking individuals from one census to another...

Dissecting Mechanisms of Financial Crises: Intermediation and Sentiment

June 2020

We develop a model of financial crises with both a financial amplification mechanism, via frictional intermediation, and a role for sentiment, via time-varying beliefs about an illiquidity state....

Leaving the Enclave: Historical Evidence on Immigrant Mobility from the Industrial Removal Office

June 2020

We study a program that funded 39,000 Jewish households in New York City to leave enclave neighborhoods circa 1910.

Intermediation in Mortgage-Backed Securities: The Plantation Business of F.W. Hudig, 1759-1797

June 2020

Dutch-Caribbean plantations attracted substantial outside funding in the 1760s. This came to an abrupt end after the 1773 credit crisis.

Using Conjoint Experiments to Analyze Elections: The Essential Role of the Average Marginal Component Effect (AMCE)

June 2020

Political scientists have increasingly deployed conjoint survey experiments to understand multi-dimensional choices in various settings.

Handgun Ownership and Suicide in California

June 2020

Research has consistently identified firearm availability as a risk factor for suicide.

Discrimination and the Returns to Cultural Assimilation in the Age of Mass Migration

May 2020

We document that, in the early twentieth century, children of immigrants who were given more-foreign first names completed fewer years of schooling, earned less, and married less assimilated...

Political Secularism and Muslim Integration in the West

Assessing the Effects of the French Headscarf Ban

Beyond War and Contracts: The Medieval and Religious Roots of the European State

May 2020

Where does the state come from? Two canonical answers have been interstate wars and contracts between rulers and the ruled in the early modern period.

Weasel Words and the Analysis of “Postcommunist” Politics: A Symposium

May 2020

A weasel word is a term used in academic or political discourse whose meaning is so imprecise or badly defined that it impedes the formulation of coherent thought on the subject to which it is...

Money burning in the theory of delegation

May 2020

This paper uses a Lagrangian approach to provide sufficient conditions under which money burning expenditures are used in an optimal delegation contract.

Left-Right Ideology and the Debate over International Bailouts: The Case of Grexit

April 2020

What explains the sharp divide in European public attitudes toward Grexit? We explore this question using original surveys from four of the largest European economies.

Using Eye-Tracking to Understand Decision-Making in Conjoint Experiments

April 2020

Conjoint experiments enjoy increasing popularity in political and social science, but there is a paucity of research on respondents' underlying decision-making processes.