Ottoman Early Modern
It would not be wrong to suggest that we have been undergoing a “global turn” in Ottoman studies for some time. Historians increasingly tend to situate the Ottoman experience in a world historical context in a comparative and connected fashion. Rather than an isolated imperial trajectory of Ottoman his-tory, which could only be explained through internal realities and meanings, some Ottomanists increasingly tend to link the Ottoman experience with cer-tain large-scale (e.g., global, Afro-Eurasian, European, Mediterranean, Indian Ocean) movements, transformations, and events. The “early modern” seems to be the key notion facilitating the Ottoman “global turn.” It helps scholars of the Ottoman world to “synchronize” Ottoman realities with structural changes in other parts of the world, particularly Europe, from the fifteenth to the nine-teenth centuries, during which we see increasing (and asymmetrical) interac-tions at a global scale. However, both the “global” and “early modern” turns come with certain limits and costs, which we should take into consideration and problematize.