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Timothy E. Josling
Policy Briefs

Agricultural Policies in the Caribbean: A Regional Analysis

Timothy E. Josling, Carmine Paolo De Salvo, Olga Shik, Rachel Boyce, William Foster, Christian Derlagen, Gonzalo Muñoz, Jesús De los Santos, Sybille Nuenninghoff, Budry Bayard, Sebastien Gachot, Cleeford Pavilus
Inter-American Development Bank, 2018 October 1, 2018

This publication summarizes the agricultural policy analyses conducted in nine Caribbean countries (Suriname, Guyana, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Belize, Barbados, The Bahamas, and Trinidad and Tobago) in the framework of the IDB’s Agrimonitor initiative. The document discusses how agricultural policies affect producers and consumers as well as how the limited funding for agricultural services, such as research and infrastructure, could limit the ability of Caribbean farmers to compete effectively in global markets.

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Books

Handbook of International Food and Agricultural Policies

Timothy E. Josling, William H. Meyers, Thomas Johnson, Donna H. Roberts, Karl Meilke
World Scientific Publishing, 2017 December 30, 2017
Handbook of International Food and Agricultural Policies is a three-volume set that aims to provide an accessible reference for those interested in the aims and implementation of food and farm policies throughout the world. The treatment is authoritative, comprehensive and forward looking. The three volumes combine scholarship and pragmatism, relating academic writing to real-world issues faced by policy-makers. A companion volume looking at the future resource and climate challenges for global agriculture will be published in the future.
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Journal Articles

TTIP and Agriculture: Another Transatlantic Chicken War?

Timothy E. Josling, Stefan Tangermann
Choices, 2016 April 1, 2016
In 1963 the United States and Europe (EU) were engaged in the infamous Chicken War over new tariffs introduced in Europe. Five decades later, tensions over chicken, now relating to food safety issues, still plague U.S.-EU trade relations in agriculture, and are playing an unfortunate role in influencing European public opinion in the debate about a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). At first glance it would appear that there is nothing new under the sun in U.S.-EU trade relations in the field of food and agriculture.

 

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Books

Transatlantic Food and Agricultural Trade Policy: 50 Years of Conflict and Convergence

Timothy E. Josling, Stefan Tangermann
Edward Elgar Pub, 2015 July 31, 2015

Transatlantic Food and Agricultural Trade Policy traces the past fifty years of transatlantic trade relations in the area of food and agricultural policy, from early skirmishes over chicken exports to ongoing conflicts over biotech foods and hormone use in animal rearing. The current talks on a free-trade area between the US and the EU (TTIP) bring all these differences to the negotiating table. The book points to possible solutions to these decades-old problems.

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Working Papers

The Political Economy of Transatlantic Free Trade

Timothy E. Josling, Christophe Crombez
2013 July 17, 2013

On July 8th, 2013, the United States and the European Union started negotiations on the  Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP), which is to create a free trade area.  In this working paper, Tim Josling and Christophe Crombez study the prospects for such a transatlantic free trade area, starting with the background behind why the T-TIP is on the agenda now and what areas of trade are being negotiated.  They analyze who stands to benefit from such a trade and investment agreement, how long it might take to reach such an agreement, and what factors might influence its acceptab

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Journal Articles

Transparency and timeliness: the monitoring of agricultural policies in the WTO using OECD data

Timothy E. Josling, Klaus Mittenzwei
World Trade Review, 2013 July 1, 2013

Transparency in the multilateral trade system is fundamental. Monitoring the compliance of WTO members with their obligations is an important part of that transparency, and timeliness in the notification of compliance is crucial. In the case of domestic support to agriculture, the notifications of compliance with obligations has been slow and opaque. But another database exists that could both illuminate the extent to which policy instruments are correctly notified and provide a convenient way to ensure timely ‘pre-notifications’ in the event that delays occur in the future.

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Working Papers

Comparative analysis of data frameworks for agricultural policy analysis: The WTO-notificaitons and the OECD's PSE database

Klaus Mittenzwei, Timothy Josling
Norwegian Agriultural Economics Research Institute, 2012 December 31, 2012

The OECD and the WTO have accumulated systematic data on the magnitude of support going to farmers as a result of farm policies. The datasets are collected for different purposes, but give a detailed picture of the evolution of these policies. This paper extends recent work on the compatibility of these two classification systems with a focus on Norway, Switzerland, the US and the EU. The results show how the OECD data set, particularly with respect to the link between direct payments and production requirements, complements that of the WTO.

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Books

Regional Integration and Agricultural Trade Policy

Timothy E. Josling
Preferential Trade Agreement Policies for Development: A Handbook, The World Bank, 2011 December 31, 2011
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Books

The WTO Agricultural Modalities Proposals and their Impact on Domestic Support in the EU and the US

D. Blandford, Timothy E. Josling, Will Martin, Aaditya Mattoo
The Doha Development Agenda, World Bank: Washington D.C., 2011 December 31, 2011
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Books

The European Union

Timothy E. Josling, Alan Swinbank, David Orden, David Blandford, Timothy Josling
WTO Disciplines on Agricultural Support: Seeking a Fair Basis for Trade. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press, 2011 December 31, 2011
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Books

WTO Compliance and Domestic Farm Policy Change

Timothy Josling
The Economic Impact of Public Support in Agriculture: An International Perspective; Studies in Productivity and Efficiency; Springer (New York), 2010 December 31, 2010
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Books

National Food Regulations and WTO Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement: Implications for Trade-Related Measures to Promote Healthy Diets

Timothy Josling, David Orden, Donna Roberts
Trade, Food Diet and Health: Perspectives and Policy Options, Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, 2010 December 31, 2010
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Books

Determinants of United States Farm Policies

D. Orden, D. Blanford, Timothy E. Josling, K. Anderson
The Political Economy of Agricultural Price Distortions, Cambridge University Press, 2010 December 31, 2010
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Books

Protecion, Subsidies and Agricultural Trade

Timothy Josling, R. Stern
Handbook of Trade Policy for Development, Oxford University Press/World Bank, 2010 December 31, 2010
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Books

Book Symposium: The Genesis of the GATT

Timothy Josling, Joel Trachman, Patrick Low
World Trade Review, 2009 December 31, 2009

This book is part of a wider project that aims to propose a model GATT that makes good economic sense without undoing its current basic structure. It asks: What does the historical record indicate about the aims and objectives of the framers of the GATT? To what extent does the historical record provide support for one or more of the economic rationales for the GATT? The book supports that the two main framers of the GATT were the United Kingdom and the United States; developing countries' influence was noticeable only after the mid-1950s.

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Books

External Influences on CAP Reform: An Historical Perspective

Timothy Josling
CEPS Paperback, Brussels, 2009 December 31, 2009
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Books

Agriculture

Timothy Josling
Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 2009 December 31, 2009

As the Doha Development Round trade negotiations have stalled, bilateral and regional free trade agreements have become an important alternative. These agreements have proliferated in recent years, and now all of the major trading countries are engaging in serious bilateral trade negotiations with multiple trading partners. This book provides a comprehensive study of recent bilateral and regional trade agreements. There are two main aspects. First, it surveys the most important recent agreements in relation to each substantive topic covered (e.g.

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Books

Agricultural Trade Disputes in the WTO

Timothy Josling
Emerald Press, Bingly, UK, 2009 December 31, 2009

Agricultural trade has generated more than its share of disputes in the past fifty years. Lack of a clear structure of rules to constrain government activity in these markets, coupled with the particularly sensitive nature of trade in basic foodstuffs, has been the main cause of this disproportion. New rules agreed in the Uruguay Round provided an improved framework for government policy in this area, and a temporary exemption was given to certain subsidies from challenge in the WTO (the Peace Clause).

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Working Papers

Guide to Geographical Indications: Linking Products and their Origins

Daniele Giovannucci, Timothy E. Josling, William Kerr, Bernard O'Connor, May T. Young
International Trade Center, Geneva, 2009 December 31, 2009

Geographical Indications present significant opportunities for differentiating products or services that are uniquely related to their geographic origin. While they can offer many positive economic, social, cultural, and even environmental benefits, they can also be problematic and therefore caution is warranted when pursuing them. The publication distills the relevant lessons that could apply, particularly to developing countries, from a review of more than 200 documents and a number of original Case Studies.

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